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Thompson

 John T. Thompson founded the Auto Ordnance Corporation in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1916. This company was funded by Thomas Fortune Ryan, a wealthy man, for the development of a semi-automatic rifle with a delayed opening breech system. Since the operation of this rifle was unsatisfactory, Thompson decided to develop a submachine gun on the same prin...

 John T. Thompson founded the Auto Ordnance Corporation in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1916. This company was funded by Thomas Fortune Ryan, a wealthy man, for the development of a semi-automatic rifle with a delayed opening breech system. Since the operation of this rifle was unsatisfactory, Thompson decided to develop a submachine gun on the same principle in the .45 ACP caliber of the Colt M1911 pistol. The first copy of the Thompson was built in 1917, the first series of 40 pieces between 1918 and 1919, industrial production began in 1921. The weapon was used by the IRA (Irish Republican Army), the underworld, industrialists, police and the FBI during Prohibition when she was better known as "Tommy Gun", "Chicago Typewriter", "Chicago Piano", "Chicago Style" or "The Chopper". The Thompson submachine gun was used extensively in modified and simplified versions during World War II and then during the Korean War.

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